Bernhard’s posts about practice


1 discusses how to acquire technique and what technique actually is
tags: teacher, practice drive

2 Words of Wisdom for an Eighteen year old?
tags: technique, link list

3 How to make practising effective, etc.: summary of links
tags: Heller, practice plan

4 Heller Op, 46 no1.
tags: Heller, practice plan

5 Heller Op, 46 no1. – cont.
tags: Heller, practice plan

6 Heller Op, 46 no1. – cont. 2
tags: selecting pieces, technique

7 One must make a difference between impossibly difficult repertory and challenging repertory.
tags: speed, slow practice, injury, movements

8 Re: Slow or fast practicing
tags: technique

9 Re: Slow or fast practicing
tags: technique

10 Why one has to stop practice at the peak of his accuracy
tags: movements

11 The first and main purpose of practice should be to find out which movement patterns, for you, and for the piece/section, will render it easy to play.
tags: exercises, finger evenness, Hanon

12 Having debunked Hanon elsewhere, I will now debunk Dohnanyi.
tags: HT/HS, breath, hand independence

13 How to gain hand independence – dropping notes
tags: practice drive

14 Practise drive – the athletic/physical enjoyment of playing
tags: practice drive

15 athletism drive
tags: silent practice

16 practise silently
tags: technique, speed, slow practice

17 Ultra fast arpeggios – slow practice x slow motion practice – good post by Herve – Abby whiteside is also mentioned
tags: time management, practice times, finishing pieces, mental practice

18 Accommodating practice times – 10 minute sessions – some mention on mental practice
tags: motivation, practice goal

19 Overpractising – stopping at the last perfect rendition
tags: practice times, technique, practice goal, thinking, exercises, finger evenness, hand memory, practice plan

20 Getting technique from pieces – several important tricks: hand memory, dropping notes, repeated note-groups
tags: technique, practice plan

21 How do you get technique from pieces
tags: technique, silent practice, practice plan

22 Do not bother with the parts of the piece you have no technical difficulty
tags: slow practice, muscle memory

23 Hand memory is absolutely necessary
tags: sight reading

24 Reading notation – Richmann’s book – Cambridge word scramble example
tags: technique, mental practice

25 mental practice – Glenn Gould interview
tags: technique, thumb, scales

26 Thumb under/over – detailed explanation – Fosberry flop
tags: chord

27 Chords and how to practise them – basic books
tags: sight reading

28 Sight reading – Richmann’s book
tags: practice times

29 How did great pianists practice

30 How did great pianists practice
tags: technique, fingers, pinky

31 how to aim the pinky – using the arm to move the fingers
tags: technique, 4th finger, fingers, exercises, speed, Sandor

32 finger strength
tags: practice times, technique

33 How should an adult beginner practice? Chang and practice spot
tags: technique, motivation, concentration

34 how to deal with boredom
tags: technique, silent practice

35 silent practice and its advantages
tags: speed, technique

36 Speed – the 3 most important factors
tags: technique, fingers, speed

37 Hand tension – not using fingers to play
tags: motivation, concentration

38 how to concentrate
tags: technique

39 imitating pianists
tags: technique, hand, HT/HS, Bach, selecting pieces

40 developing both hands equally – website for left handed pianos

41 how to practise chords using the cycle of 5ths – comparison with language
tags: scales, fingering

42 Fingering for chromatic scales
tags: technique, sound

43 Colour – it is all about overtones
tags: technique, HT/HS, breath

44 dropping notes by comparing it with patting head/rubbing tummy
tags: speed, technique

45 Octaves and fast octaves – excellent post by Robert Henry
tags: technique, concentration

46 short attention span
tags: technique, CD, speed, practice plan

47 practising long pieces – Good discussion if one should or should not listen to CDs – Slow motion practice, comparison with walking/running

48 Listening has a different purpose than practice

49 If a person asks the question he is not an experienced traveller
tags: practice plan, slow practice

50 Practicing long pieces
tags: practice plan

51 Maple Leaf Rag learning
tags: listening, mental practice

52 listening to other pianists before one figures out one’s own interpretation

53 Practicing long pieces, story about magician
tags: technique, practice times, time to learn

54 How much practice a day? – two zen stories
tags: practice goal, practice plan, practice times

55 How much practice a day? Here is the final answer
tags: technique

56 Practice environment – the Virgil Clavier
tags: scales, technique, speed, exercises, Hanon, fingering

57 Speed of scales – the important factors in speed playing – an alternative fingering for scales
tags: technique, mistakes

58 common mistakes made by students
tags: technique, fingers, speed

59 Fingering placement on the keys
tags: technique

60 Virgil clavier & silent practice – Ted gives some good information. – how Arrau used one
tags: silent practice, mental practice

61 I am a great believer in silent practice
tags: practice drive, motivation

62 piano lesson cannot be fun. It cannot be boring either
tags: motivation, practice drive

63 Only you can feel boredom
tags: Bach, practice plan, slow practice, HT/HS

64 Bach Partita #1 in Bflat, Gigue
tags: technique

65 basic movements that make up piano technique are pretty limited
tags: sight reading, music reading, reading

66 the grand staff
tags: technique, practice plan, outlining

67 Alkan op. 39 no. 4 – outlining as the best strategy to deal with this piece
tags: exercises, technique, Czerny, finger evenness

68 Technical studies x pieces – the genesis of Studies and how Czerny derived his exercises from Beethoven sonatas – why scales are useless and at the same time essential – Chopin x Kalkbrenner story – Unorthodox fingering for scales
tags: technique, Czerny, speed

69 repeated note-groups as a way to tackle Czerny op. 740 no. 2
tags: technique, fingers, fingering, mental practice

70 Mental practice – tips for fingering
tags: technique

71 Double thirds – the movement
tags: practice goal, practice plan, repertory

72 How to keep a piece in the repertory – learn/forget/relearn
tags: technique, 4th finger, fingers, exercises, scales, speed

73 Independence of the 3rd and 4thfinger – it is impossible, one should work towards the illusion of independence: it is all arm work
tags: technique, movements, fingers

74 Therefore do not aim at increasing strength/independence of fingers
tags: technique, fingers, exercises, speed

75 Round fingers – the role of fingers
tags: time management, 7×20 rule, practice times, finishing pieces, technique, practice plan, exercises, finger evenness

76 how to organise piano practise in short/medium/long term – Principle of memory retention – Principle of 15 minute sessions – stopping when you achieve your goals. Teachers should teach how to learn
tags: practice plan, practice times

77 Strategy for Success?
tags: practice times

78 Why 10-15 minute sessions?
tags: scales, technique

79 an structured plan to learn scales and arpeggios – includes description of repeated note-groups and other tricks
tags: technique, speed, accuracy

80 Accuracy – causes for inaccuracy – One possible solution: repeated note-groups
tags: accuracy, technique, note groups

81 Select a sequence of ten notes that are giving you trouble
tags: sight reading, keyboard

82 Keyboard topography – how to find notes by touch
tags: technique, wrist

83 Question on piano height, octave playing, wrist movement, etc.
tags: self-teaching, time to learn

84 How long does it all take? – self-taught students – the cake analogy – criticism of ABRSM for expecting people to reach grade 8 in 10 years – learning is not gradual comparison with reading – different ways of learning – how to learn to drive a car – the dispersive method of teaching – 15 list to “disperse” learning
tags: practice times, technique, speed

85 Slow practice – Glenn Gould’s finger tapping
tags: practice times, technique, analysis

86 Piece analysis – delay going to the piano and spend most time analysing – Comparison with the process of film making
tags: scales, technique, exercises, Hanon, fingers, fingering

87 unorthodox fingering for all major and minor scales plus an explanation
tags: scales, technique, teaching a kid

88 Teaching scales – the cluster method and why one should start with B major
tags: sight reading, music reading, reading

89 Teaching bass clef – the full explanation for the grand staff
tags: Bach, technique, inventions

90 how to teach/learn a piece form scratch using as example J. S. Bach’s invention no. 1
tags: 7×20 rule, inventions, practice times

91 in teaching invention no. 1, my first step was to identify the motif
tags: practice goal

92 things that improve your playing – teaching
tags: practice times, technique, HT/HS, fingers, accuracy

93 How to practice aim and accuracy – looking at the LH and giving verbal instructions to the RH – Full discussion on left and right brain
tags: technique

94 Staccatto x light accents
tags: sight reading

95 detailed explanation of the sight-reading process
tags: scales, technique

96 scales & compositions – the real importance of scales is to develop the concept of key, not exercise
tags: practice times, technique, exercises, HT/HS

97 When to join hands
tags: slow practice, HT/HS

98 When to join hands?
tags: technique, fingers, movements

99 Body movement – piano playing and martial arts
tags: technique, fingers, movements, adults

100 How a student’s physicality affects teaching – discussion on arm x fingers – moving from the centre: tantien and taichi – Seymour Fink gets discussed as well
tags: Bach, practice plan, selecting pieces

101 Plan for learning Bach’s WTC
tags: practice times, technique, practice plan

102 how everyone in the forum practises – the scientific method to decide what practice routine is good and which is not. Comments on Chang book
tags: technique, exercises, Schubert

103 how to teach op. 142 no. 2 – Burgmuller studies – Lots of practice tricks – the pragmatical x logical approach using Boolean algebra and word processing as an example
tags: technique, bad habits

104 Bad habits when playing/practising
tags: scales, technique, speed

105 how to play superfast scales
tags: exercises, practice plan, technique, Czerny

106 Czerny x Scarlatti to acquire technique – Ted gives an excellent contribution
tags: technique, melody

107 How to create a cantabile effect – several approaches: creating a mental image, outlining, the three basic ways to bring out a melody
tags: scales, technique

108 Best order to learn scales – what does it mean not to play scales outside pieces
tags: exercises, scales, technique, finger evenness, fingers, HT/HS

109 why and when to practise scales HS and HT – Pragmatical x logical way of teaching – analogy with aikido – list of piano techniques – realistic x sports martial arts – technique and how to acquire it by solving technical problems – Hanon and why it should be avoided – Lemmings
tags: technique, metronome

110 When to use the metronome
tags: technique, trills

111 trills and melody in the same hand
tags: 7×20 rule, practice plan

112 There are three basic stages in learning/practising a new piece
tags: practice plan, HT/HS

113 Chopin’s Military Polonaise op 40 no 1
tags: HT/HS, practice goal

114 Know what you want to achieve
tags: 7×20 rule, practice times, practice plan

115 But you said after 7 repetitions, you won’t learn the passage any better. Now I’m confused completely
tags: note groups, Chopin

116 Chopin Ballade #4
tags: practice plan, 7×20 rule

117 Let’s say I have 7 different pieces to study…
tags: technique, speed, fingering

118 Repeated note-groups applied to Gottschalk
tags: HT/HS, practice times, technique, exercises, breath, coordination

119 Hands together: when and how – dropping notes
tags: HT/HS, technique

120 Hands together – dropping notes – when to learn HT and when to learn HS
tags: practice plan

121 good long term practice plan?
tags: technique, thinking, thumb, scales

122 thumb over – hand displacement – practising with awareness – awareness is not thinking – learning by imitation
tags: concentration

123 Thinking while practising is not the same thing as practising with awareness
tags: sight reading

124 how not to look at the keys – Richmann’s reviews
tags: sight reading, music reading

125 Reading both staffs as a single grand staff – Reasons for working on scales – Detailed discussion of Richmann’s book
tags: scales, exercises, practice goal

126 you set out to practise scales with this particular aim in mind
tags: speed, practice times, technique

127 zoom-zoom – all about speed playing – example: 3rd movt of Moonlight
tags: speed, HT/HS

128 speed is really an illusion – cont.
tags: beginner, teacher, time to learn, practice goal

129 How to choose your next piece – impossible/easy pieces
tags: improvisation, scales, technique

130 using scales as the basis for free improvisation
tags: melody, technique

131 how to bring out a melody – 3 different ways – Importance of a mental representation: hear in your mind and the fingers will comply
tags: 7×20 rule, practice times, technique, practice goal, exercises, finger evenness, practice plan

132 7 X 20 principle, how do you know when you mastered a section, when to use the methods, and when they are not necessary – investigating the reasons for difficult
tags: Burgmuller, practice plan

133 Burgmuller op. 100?
tags: practice times, exercises, brain, motional mind, PPI

134 PPI – comparison with body building – brief mention of movement and intellectual centre – comparison with babies walking and coma patients- muscle tension and nerve inhibition – how to investigate and test practice ideas – How to teach by using progressively difficult repertory
tags: note groups, speed

135 Usually the main problem in long fast passages is memory
tags: exercises, finger evenness

136 What is the best practice diet? The key to practice is familiarisation with the piece. Schumann’s Remembrance
tags: analysis, memorisation

137 I like to use familiarisation
tags: technique, fingers

138 playing with curved fingers – worry less about movement and more about sound
tags: practice goal

139 Form and structure x emotion and interpretation – know the most about a piece
tags: speed, technique

140 Speed: discussion about gradually speeding up with a metronome or using Chang’s approach
tags: technique, analysis

141 analysing pieces
tags: left hand, coordination

142 How to improve left hand – dropping notes for coordination
tags: technique, exercises

143 staccato etudes and alternatives to them
tags: technique, practice goal

144 3 correct X wrong attitudes when practising
tags: practice goal, adults, exercises, brain

145 Does there come a time when piano learning will not be so difficult – The problem: a good teacher, enough practice and yet very slow progress – approach maybe everything: practice to make it easy. Guardian link to Alan Rustrbridge article – summary of PPI – alternate hands
tags: practice times

146 Does there come a time
tags: exercises, technique, practice plan

147 one cannot learn technique in a vacuum. At the same time one cannot simply play pieces – comparison with tennis
tags: practice times, technique, adults, exercises, practice plan

148 Does age and practice time matter? – Summaries of the 7 x 20 approach – averages and standard deviations are given for the several numbers – need for a practice diary – how to deal with mastering something and forgetting it next day – what exactly is mastery – the 3 stages of mastery
tags: 7×20 rule, practice plan, practice times

149 how many hours i need to practise?
tags: finishing pieces, practice plan

150 There are different stages on the process of mastering any piece, and each different stage will require a different approach
tags: technique, practice goal, fingers, speed, exercises, fingering, speed, trills

151 How to investigate the best movement pattern: Example Scarlatti sonata K70 – How to work out the best fingering. Example: CPE Bach Allegro in A – Slow x slow motion practice – HS x HT – practising for only 5 – 10 minutes
tags: practice times

152 Time is not the important variable here. Results are all that matter.
tags: speed, technique, hand, HT/HS, left hand

153 improving speed of LH – move the whole LH not only fingers
tags: technique, speed

154 CC Chang and relaxation for playing fast passages
tags: Rachmaninov, practice goal

155 Why play rach 3? Tale of the Japanese cooking apprentice and initiative
tags: practice goal

156 Learning how to cook in Japan is traditional stuff
tags: practice goal

157 Learning how to cook in Japan is traditional stuff – cont.
tags: memorisation, finishing pieces, practice goal

158 Keeping pieces polished – learn/forget/relearn
tags: finishing pieces, memorisation, repertory, practice plan

159 Keeping Them Polished
tags: exercises, technique, Hanon

160 Hanon: pros and cons – Robert Henry’s opinion
tags: practice goal, exercises

161 here are some thoughts about reading books while practising
tags: practice times, technique, practice goal

162 How long to practice – having an aim, achieving it and moving on – How to define aim
tags: speed, technique

163 How to increase speed: slowly using metronome x fast with chord attack – juggling and skiping rope as examples
tags: speed, slow practice

164 A huge difference between piano playing and typing is that the piano keys are spread over 1.20m
tags: Chopin, practice plan, technique

165 Preparing Chopin’s Revolutionary study op. 10 no. 12
tags: technique, mental practice

166 mental practice
tags: performance

167 differences between practice and performance
tags: sight reading, Chang, keyboard

168 Looking at the keys: Good or bad? exercises to help finding notes by touch. Good contributions by Chang
tags: sight reading

169 accompanying as a way to teach sightreading
tags: 7×20 rule, practice times, practice goal, practice plan

170 7 X 20 minutes – practice starts when you get it right – definition of mastery : learned – mastered – omniscience – Aim for easy – final speed in practice must be faster than performance speed – Example: Chopin Op. 10 no. 2 – outline – repeated note groups – HS x HT
tags: practice plan, outlining, HT/HS, Chopin

171 Chopin Etude Opus 10 N° 2
tags: practice plan, 7×20 rule, practice times, technique, practice goal

172 explains once more about 7 x 20 minutes – Progress is the ultimate decider – How to break a piece in practice sessions – Example: Satie gymnopedie – importance of planning – aim at 100 pieces per year – Example: Bach Cm WTC 2 –
tags: practice plan, Bach

173 Each stage must use all of the practice tricks you can think of: breaking down in small sections, rhythm variations, etc.
tags: technique, Chopin, practice plan

174 how to master Chopin´s waltz in Am
tags: Chopin, practice plan

175 Chopin A Minor Waltz BI 150 – cont.
tags: time management, practice plan

176 Time management for someone who wants to learn the flute
tags: finishing pieces, repertory, practice times

177 forgetting piece for 2 years
tags: technique, practice plan, practice goal, repertory

178 how to acquire virtuoso technique – aiming at 100 pieces in five years
tags: practice plan, practice times, finishing pieces, technique, practice goal

179 more details: learned – mastered –omniscience – why repertory must be paramount – how to work on 20 pieces per month – a case for easy repertory – importance of discipline and of having a plan – analogy of mastering a piece and making wine – musicality is ultimately good taste – Example: Beethoven op. 49 no. 2- A list of progressive repertory to lead to Rach prelude op. 32 no. 5 – mastery is when it is easy
tags: finishing pieces, outlining, Beethoven, practice plan

180 comparison to grapes and wine; sonata 49
tags: practice plan, 7×20 rule

181 Beethoven sonata 43 – cont.
tags: technique, practice goal, practice plan

182 No skipped steps – the usual places where students go wrong – Ht x HS
tags: practice plan

183 practice journa
tags: practice plan, practice times

184 The bare minimum is three sessions per week
tags: practice plan, HT/HS

185 working in small sections the most important consideration
tags: speed, technique, Beethoven

186 Practising for speed – Example: Beethoven Op. 49 no. 2
tags: HT/HS, 7×20 rule, practice times, technique, practice goal, exercises, finger evenness, practice plan

187 Paul’s report on B’s method. HS x HT – Example: Lecuona’s malaguena – 7×20 – need to adjust and adapt – repeated note-groups – importance of HS – hand memory – 7 items only in consciousness – playing in automatic pilot –
tags: technique, practice plan, speed

188 Stage 1 – Investigative. Stage 2 is real practice.
tags: practice plan, HT/HS

189 in regards to a new piece you have never seen before and which is still impossible for you
tags: practice plan, HT/HS, note groups

190 Hands separate practice is important to isolate technical problems
tags: memorisation

191 But as soon as I look down at the keyboard and watch my fingers, it all falls apart.
tags: technique

192 definition of technique: quote from Fink, Sandor and Pires – Example of the A-E-A arpeggio
tags: exercises, technique

193 The only things that matters to me are: “Does it work?”
tags: beginner

194 collection of links on everything
tags: technique, mental practice, teaching a kid

195 mental practice
tags: technique, practice plan, practice times

196 Summary of links to optimise practising and planning
tags: martial arts, beginner, link list

197 Re: Martial Arts, centers of concsiousness and playing fast: links collection
tags: 7×20 rule, link list

198 What’s the 7/20 rule?: links on practice
tags: technique, 4th finger, fingers, exercises, speed

199 The finger strength controversy – some excellent posts by xvimbi
tags: speed, technique

200 More questions on fast speed practice – the eldorado analogy – collection of links
tags: sight reading, Chopin, fingers, fingering, music reading

201 How to figure out fingering for Chopin etude Op. 25 no. 11
tags: Beethoven, practice plan

202 total beginner can learn Fur Elise after 12 practice sessions
tags: 7×20 rule, practice times, technique

203 more on 7×20 – what it means to master a passage
tags: practice times, technique, practice goal, exercises, speed, practice plan

204 alternative to the chord trick – Rhythm variations – repeated note-groups – starting with the difficult bars – how to break down a piece in sessions – ways to tackle speed that do not involve the chord trick

205 Rhythm variations
tags: note groups

206 about note groups
tags: practice goal, teacher

207 Sometimes a student sincerely does not know how to practise. They have to be shown.
tags: technique, teacher

208 3 most important practice tricks
tags: technique

209 how long do you practice? It depends on what is meant by practice
tags: technique, finishing pieces

210 how to deal with slips – concentrate on the music, not on the score – analogy with actors and lines on a script
tags: exercises

211 about flexibility
tags: link list

212 I attribute 90% of my results simply to the fact that my students have daily lessons. My way of teaching is not that different from other teachers. Any teacher/student prepared to have daily lessons should experience similar results.
tags: technique, practice plan

213 3 principles of super efficient/fast learning
tags: technique, scales

214 Talent – Attention to detail – example of scale in clusters and how the overlooked aim is to prepare fingers.
tags: tasks, adults, link list

215 Re: I need help from you experts and teachers: huge collection of links
tags: link list

216 Re: I need help from you experts and teachers: large link list – cont.
tags: link list

217 Re: I need help from you experts and teachers: large link list – cont,
tags: finishing pieces, practice plan

218 Mastering a piece: what does it really mean?
tags: technique, mental practice

219 when to work on expression – change focus every 2 minutes – comparison with plate spinning
tags: practice plan, Chopin

220 Chopin’s Waltz in A minor
tags: practice times, link list

221 think of practising in 10 – 15 minutes chunks
tags: speed, slow practice

222 One must practice at different speeds.
tags: practice times

223 how long do you practise?
tags: self-teaching, exercises, teacher

224 Piano technique is not that difficult to acquire
tags: music, exercises, practice goal

225 Indolence combined with misguided industriousness resulting in the delusion of mastery.

226 how to read different clefs – the history and the solution: the grand staff
tags: movements, rotation, exercises, slow practice, speed

227 Speed is then achieved not by performing these movements fast
tags: Bach, technique, practice goal, inventions, outlining

228 how to outline invention 14
tags: link list

229 Practising routine
tags: practice times, finishing pieces, technique, practice goal, practice plan, HT/HS

230 How to break a piece in sessions – Example: Invention no. 1
tags: Chopin, practice plan

231 Chopin Sherzo Op. 31 No. 2
tags: practice times, finishing pieces, technique, practice goal, practice plan, HT/HS

232 How to organise the breaking down of a piece over several days. Examples: CPE Bach Fantasia, Blow Sarabande, Chopin Cantabile; Chopin Scherzo no. 2
tags: practice plan, practice times, repertory

233 How to plan your work for the next five years
tags: technique, practice goal

234 when is a piece finished – why technique and interpretation cannot be divorced
tags: technique, Bach, practice plan

235 scheme for learning prelude 2 WTC 1
tags: overlaping

236 Causes of Hesitations
tags: Chopin, outlining, technique, practice plan

237 outlining: example – with score – Chopin etude op. 25 no. 1
tags: technique

238 learning a piece back to front
tags: practice plan, Scarlatti, gradings

239 Hanon x Czerny – 192 Scarlatti sonatas graded in order of difficulty
tags: technique, rhythm

240 detailed discussion on posture – Bernhard´s 10 principles of good posture
tags: selecting pieces, practice drive, motivation

241 dealing with pieces you hate
tags: technique, practice goal, exercises, fingers, teacher, analysis

242 repeated note-groups for difficult passages – correct technique is never uncomfortable – rotation as the solution to 5th finger weakness – criticism to misguided technical exercises – trusting the unconscious
tags: technique, Schumann, practice plan

243 Session breakdown of Schumann´s op. 68 no. 30
tags: technique, Schumann, practice plan


One thought on “Bernhard’s posts about practice

  1. Pingback: Contents | Self-taught piano player

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